Preventing family separation in Indonesia

February 1, 2020

Project details

In Indonesia, approximately 2.15M children live without their parents. Yet, 90% of them have at least one parent alive. The underlying reasons are numerous and complex, but they mostly relate to poverty and lack of access to social assistance. A Development Impact Bond could help bring a solution to this issue. In this scope, KOIS supported two foundations with the structuring of a DIB to test an innovative, cost-efficient and scalable model of family separation prevention.

Designing the right solutions to keep families together

Although programmes supporting vulnerable families exist in Indonesia, they are poorly implemented and do not address the family separation drivers comprehensively. In this context, a Development Impact Bond could help structure those programmes more effectively.

There is significant value in a DIB. If successful, existing links of global organizations such as UNICEF with the government will highly increase the chances for national replication and systemic change. The collaboration of UNICEF with three local implementation partners will also come into play. They will ensure the acceptance and adaptation of the intervention locally, to create an efficient and long-lasting impact on families in Indonesia.

Terms of the bond




3 years



Activities to prevent family separation

In 2019, KOIS supported UBS Optimus Foundation and Hopeland with the structuring of a DIB. The aim is to test an innovative, cost-efficient and scalable model of family separation prevention.

KOIS identified an integrated child protection model (‘PKSAI’) recently piloted by UNICEF and the Government of Indonesia. The PKSAI model favours family and community over institutional care. Thus, KOIS chose it as the most promising approach to build on.

Lastly, KOIS also defined a set of activities specifically for preventing family separation. The DIB will provide financing for these and integrate them in the PKSAI framework. They include:

  • Community hubs. Such hubs allow early detection and are a referral mechanisms of separation cases. They also raise awareness on norms that foster family separation.
  • Family support services. This includes services such as facilitation to social assistance programmes or training on parenting skills. Family also receive information on topics around financial literacy and child institutionalisation.
  • Complementary cash transfers. Families receive cash in the time before they gain access to social assistance programmes. They can also be given money to fill in the income gap and allow to keep children under parental care.

Expected Impact of the DIB

children living in a stable and capable family environment with access to basic necessities and formal education

households being socially and economically empowered to care for their children in a family setting and being resilient to cope with future family separation risks

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